Good Things Can Come From Difficult Economic Times
How dare I make light of economic conditions that are forcing people out of work and out of their homes, but everything isn’t all doom and gloom with the recession. If you’ve lost your job recently, there is probably little optimism in thinking that the recession is somehow a good thing. And it’s true, these economic periods are painful for individuals, corporations, and the country as a whole. But this isn’t the first recession we’ve ever had, it won’t be the last, and it’s something that has to happen on a regular basis.
The Business Cycle
Without going into a complicated economics lesson, it’s important to at least understand the basics behind the business, or economic cycle. The economy isn’t static, and we regularly experience periods of growth and decline. The economic cycle is broken down into four basic components:
- Expansion - A period of increasing growth and economic activity.
- Peak - The apex of an expansion period.
- Contraction - A period of decreasing growth or slowing economic activity.
- Trough - The lowest point during a contraction period.
While the length and severity of each of these economic periods vary, the general cycle holds true. The economy will grow and expand for some time and eventually reach a point where it can’t continue that level of growth and it peaks. From there, it will experience a period of contraction. This may last a few months or a few years. After a period of a slowing economy, things bottom out and will again resume growth. And the cycle repeats.
This isn’t a new phenomenon. Looking back at just the past 50 years, we’ve dealt with 10 periods of recession. Some were short-lived, others lasted longer, and of course, some hurt more than others. While this recession is caused by factors different from past recessions, it was bound to happen, and was even expected. We didn’t need a crystal ball to predict that. But what we can’t predict is exactly how long it will last, and who will be hurt by it the most.
Extended periods of growth can create excess in the economy, and eventually this has to be purged from the system. Unfortunately, this usually results in job loss, businesses closing, and a declining stock market. But the bottom line is that an economy can’t just continue to grow and grow non-stop. Would it be great if we had zero unemployment and our stock portfolios marched along earning 10% every single year? Of course, but that isn’t how the world works.
Americans Are Saving More
Americans have one of the worst savings rates in the developed world. We are one of the richest and most prosperous nations, yet we can hardly save any money. Part of this has to do with having a consumer-driven economy. If people are spending money, businesses are doing well, expanding, and creating jobs. That’s a good thing, but it also creates a situation we’ve experienced lately where people have very little money saved since they are basically encouraged to spend.
Even with dismal savings rates barely above 0%, this recession has done one thing, and that’s boost our savings rate as a nation. While it still lags far behind many other countries, an increase in savings is good. People are starting to realize the importance of having money set aside. Whether it’s for retirement or just an emergency. Of course, that’s also bad because it means people are spending less, which in turn doesn’t help stimulate an economic recovery.
And the even better news is that if people begin to save more, they will have that cushion in place when the economy shrinks again at some point in the future, because it will. Of course, this is assuming people don’t go back to their old spending habits as soon as the economy begins to recover.
Back to Common Sense Spending
Frugality is making a come back in 2009. In recent years, spending got out of control, in large part due to easy access to credit. Virtually anyone could afford a brand new luxury car, buy a home out of their price range, and charge anything on credit cards. When times are good, you’re making money, and can keep up with the bills, that seems like a lifestyle you can afford. But as soon as the annual raises stop, you lose a job, or something else happens, suddenly you can’t make the car payment and can’t keep up with the monthly credit card bills.
This isn’t to say that everyone was spending wildly or using more credit than they could afford, but since the banks were basically handing out money, a lot of people took advantage of it. Now, it’s coming back to haunt a lot of people. Those who were relatively frugal over the past few years are not being affected by this economic downturn as much as those who have lived beyond their means. So, more and more people are beginning to revert back to common sense spending — buying only what they can afford, and not relying on credit.
It always amazes me to see stories in the news about how people are making so-called drastic changes to their spending habits in these difficult times. Most of these changes aren’t drastic or anything new, but common sense things people should be doing anyway. For example, take this story I saw in my local news this weekend about Innovative New Ways to Manage Money. Here are a few of the “innovative” and “new” ways this woman is saving money:
We used credit cards a lot and just changed some things,” Budzinski said. “We have dogs, and instead of buying high end dog food, we switched to the lower end dog food.
A good start, and how about:
[We're] buying generic stuff, and not going out to eat as much. And when we do, we more or less split a meal or we go out to eat lunch instead of dinner.
Amazing! You can save money just by not using credit cards as much, buying cheaper dog food, and not going out to eat as much. These truly are new and innovative money saving ideas! I’m sorry about the sarcasm and I don’t want to belittle anyone’s attempts at saving money, because it’s fantastic that people are making changes. But what bothers me is how the media treats this as news. I see articles exactly like this every week going on and on about how people are just using common sense and actively trying to save money. That’s not news, it’s just something people should have been doing all along, and it really just illustrates how excessive people’s spending habits were if they feel that eating out less or not using credit cards is some financial revelation. If it takes a recession to make people think harder about what they are spending money on, and to make a conscious effort to save money, that will help a lot of people in the long run.
Back to Basics in Housing
One of the root causes of this recession was a real estate market that got out of control, fueled by speculation and the ability for almost anyone to get a loan. Yes, there were plenty of shady lenders, but it got to a point where anyone could get more house than they could truly afford. A plethora of no-doc or low-doc loans allowed people to fudge numbers in order to afford their dream house, you could easily get 0% down loans, not to mention all of the ARMs and interest only loans. This put people in a position who had no business trying to buy a home suddenly find the bank willing to lend them the money to make their dreams come true.
Owning a home is a privilege, not a right. Prior to the real estate boom, lenders had tighter standards in determining who could afford a home, and how much they were willing to lend. In most cases, a down payment was required, and this meant prospective buyers had to have the discipline to save some money on their own first. In turn, this down payment then provided immediate equity that could help minimize fluctuations in property values. In addition, lenders were typically more conservative in terms of how much they would lend based on credit history and income. With these tighter standards, it helped put people in a home that they could comfortably afford while the bank minimized risk.
Today, we’re moving back to the basics, although we’ve overshot the baseline a bit with the credit crunch. But banks are starting to move back to more traditional fixed-rate loans, requiring a good credit score, and down payments. They are also taking into consideration how much people make, and making sure they aren’t lending too much. Unfortunately, this move has priced a lot of people out of a home purchase right now, and it’s made it harder to get a loan, but it’s a step in the right direction. It will hurt for a while to be sure, but it should create a more stable situation in the future provided history doesn’t repeat itself.
What Doesn’t Kill Us Makes Us Stronger
Without diminishing the pain and suffering people go through during difficult economic times, a job loss, or home foreclosure, it likely isn’t the end of the world. It may feel like it, and it may lead to years of trying to claw yourself back up, but it can make you stronger. People faced with difficult times learn things about themselves they may have never realized, may explore a new direction in life, or find out there is more to life than money and material things.
But I’m not talking about individuals, as each story and situation may be a heartbreaking tale, but rather I’m talking about the country as a whole. We’re faced with some economic conditions of epic proportions, and we’ll get through it. It may change the face of our country forever, and create a new way for many businesses to operate, but we’ll learn from it and come out the other side even stronger. Of course, once we do, history is bound to repeat itself. Our economy will grow, money will be made, and jobs created, but at some point we’ll find ourselves a victim to the inevitable economic cycle. The best thing you can do is to learn from the mistakes, and take actions to ensure the next time it happens, you limit the impact.
Author: Jeremy Vohwinkle
My name is Jeremy Vohwinkle, and I’ve spent a number of years working in the finance industry providing financial advice to regular investors and those participating in employer-sponsored retirement plans.
While I agree with most of this, it is the idiots who drag the rest of us down. They are surely the majority, and there is no hope of them ever getting smarter about this stuff. They will always look to max out their cards on cheap stuff from Walmart (rather than buying one item that is more expensive -- but cheaper in the long run because it isn't crap and isn't made in China).
PT Barnum said there's a sucker born every minute. Americans in particular simply do not learn from the past.
Great post, i totally agree that recession is good for us, according to me we all know that saving money, spending limited money are very much essential points for our financial security but still we don't follow it. Recession is the way by which we all can learn how to save and spend without any tutor for that.
I couldn't agree with you more. Our society has been on a spending spree for the last decade and has adopted the 'gotta have it now" mentality. Many of those folks are having to bite the bullet for the first time. For some biting the bullet means losing their homes. It is a truly difficult time we live in and I hope we as Americans don't forget the lessons we are learning.
How refreshing. I actually had to search to find an article about why this situation is good. American overspending created the feel-good false economy we had. I just hope we have the guts to take responsibility for the problem we created in this generation, not force it on our kids. We're leaving them with a big enough mess already. I don't see buying lower cost dog food as a real sacrifice. I mean, living with your parents, taking in borders, doing what it takes to reprioritize. Sounds like we are still too used to living in luxury and on our own terms that we can't accept responsibility. What goes up must come down.
Unfortunately, what you call Americans saving more and spending less actually seems to be lenders lending less and forcing consumption down.
I think if you wait some time you may see consumer debt on credit cards climb as people try to live within the same standard of living. The current cut in spending is a forced savings plan that will not last forever.
Like a voice in the dark, this post addresses what others are glossing over - the consumerism of American has got to be dialed back. Maybe what we (you/I) take as common sense, others have obviously not been doing so it is a novelty for them. America cannot continue encouraging spending on everything NOW and hoping Social Security will be around for later. Our savings rate is deplorable. But marketing and economy professionals keep telling us to spend, spend, spend to help the economy. When will the message be, spend wisely today and save for tomorrow. When retail numbers are released later this month, the moans from main street to wall street will be loud. But, it's just a correction in the overspending glut that American's have been living on since we decided that waiting was for everyone else.
The problem with Americans saving more is the lack of consumption associated with it. The way our economy works right now relies on consumption. But I don't have a problem with that.
The problem is Americans keeping all their money in cash and not investing. Though everyone here probably understands the importance of dollar-cost-averaging, most Americans do not. Our economy will not be able to move forward until we start investing again. I've had to talk parents and relatives out of pulling their money out of stocks completely on many occasions.
I hope the author is right in that this recession will be good for us.
I really like your points about the media's focus on this "news" of saving. Just like you mention, it really is mostly just common sense instead of some amazing new revelation. I think that overall, many people who have trouble with savings should sit down, spend a few hours, and just do a deep dive into their finances. With just a bit of analysis, they should be able to see many opportunities for savings they may not have thought about before.
Very good post - you are correct in that some of the so-called frugality is not really all that frugal.
Good pun in the title... :)
Agreed there is good to come from the current recession. We are already seeing more responsible lending and borrowing happening directly via social or P2P lending.
I agree that the recession will be good, provided a few things:
1. The Dow doesn't drop below 8K again - if it doesn't, more panic will ensue, and it will take a decade or more to rebuild lost value.
2. Major financial reform is strictly policed.
3. We can diversify with new economies to get people back to work.
4. Inflation doesn't pass 5% annually.
Another possible good outcome is that people will slow down. I noticed that my local mall has reduced its hours by closing an hour earlier Su-Fr. I wouldn't be surprised if regular stores and other malls do the same. I hope shorter hours will translate to a decrease in our tendency to engage in recreational shopping. Maybe instead of going to mall we'll stay home and spend time with our friends and family.
this will be a much different recession than we have ever seen. With the influx of credit cards, me-first attitudes, gimme gimme now culture, and a new administration set on "change" will make the next few years very interesting.
I seriously doubt America could live life like our older generation during the Great Depression.
While I agree with the sentiments in the article and the comments, one thing remains a huge problem. Government spending has not slowed at all. In fact, it has ballooned and is promising to balloon further. The govt. also needs to learn live within it's means if this problem is ever going to get resolved. Having a 1 trillion budget deficit next year will NOT put us back on the right track!
Totally agree with this article. I think the fiscal irresponsibility of the past decade has weakened this nation considerably. Somewhere along the way, the values of two generations ago - thrift and living within your means - were lost. I really do think Americans would be better off as a whole if the rampant consumerism were dialed back a notch and we got back to improving our own personal bottom lines.
That's a pretty interesting and valuable tip. It should be interesting to see how this all shakes out. The major difference between this and 39' depression is how we will fix the consumer credit mess this time.